Osong Public Health Res Perspect  
Does the Increase in Number of Wastewater Discharge Companies Affect the Occurrence of Turner Syndrome and Down Syndrome?
Intae Choi
Yonsei University
Accepted: March 2, 2017; Published online: March 2, 2017.
© Korea Centers for Disease Control & Prevention. All rights reserved.

Abstract
Purpose: The purpose of this study is to examine water and air pollutants that affect the increase in genetic disorders such as Turner Syndrome and Down Syndrome, which are caused by congenital chromosomal abnormalities, and to address policy attention towards environmental pollutants that have significant effects.
Methodology: A panel regression based on random effect is conducted on South Korea’s metropolitan councils from 2012 to 2014. The dependent variable is the number of Turner Syndrome and Down Syndrome patients, and the main independent variable is the water and air pollutant variable.
Result: Air pollutants did not have a significant impact on the number of Turner Syndrome and Down Syndrome patients, however, the increase in number of wastewater discharge companies did have a notable effect on the number of patients.
Conclusion: Statistically, the more the number of wastewater discharge companies, the more the occurrence of Turner Syndrome and Down Syndrome patients due to chromosomal abnormalities. Therefore, the government needs to regulate the number of wastewater discharge companies, carry out a detailed analysis on the chemical substances of the wastewater, and pay close attention to the wastewater treatment process.
Keywords: Turner Syndrome, Down Syndrome, Environmental Pollutants, Wastewater Discharge


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